The Prescription: 1st June Issue
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EDITOR'S EMULSION

Pooja Khaitan

I take this opportunity in thanking all participants for making PSM India initiative’s 5th National Conference on "Patient Safety & Drug Regulatory Scenario in India" held in Srinagar from 19-21 May 2015 a grand success. Read more about it under our PSM Capsules section in this edition.
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should thus resulting in either benign or malignant tumours which destroy the normal course of life. Reports say (Article enclosed under PSM India capsules Section) , it’s the biggest killer in India and thus raises alarm on the deteriorating health condition of citizens of our country. Time to be more cautious and protect ourselves from being getting affected by this destroyer disease.

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If you have any suggestions, comments or queries, please email me at pooja@safemedicinesindia.in.
You may find our previous issues on www.safemedicinesindia.in or in the NEWS ARCHIVE section of every issue of The PRESCRIPTION, in case you’ve missed any of them. You may also look us up on Facebook under Partnership for Safe Medicines India

"Call PSM India toll free helpline 1800 - 11- 4424, to bring cases of spurious medicines or any kind of adverse drug reaction to the notice of the authorities.
Please visit our website www.safemedicinesindia.in if you wish to learn about us .
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Happy Reading !
Stay Safe. Stay Healthy !

Pooja Khaitan
Chief Editor , The PRESCRIPTION Partnership for Safe Medicines India.

DOSE OF THE DAY

“India’s major focus now is on accelerating the pace of development of useful diagnostics, re-agents, therapeutics, and prevention methods for communicable diseases such as viral, bacterial, and parasitological diseases, and non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and cancer. Our long-term aim is to make these modalities available to populations in low- and middle-income countries at affordable costs”.

Shri J P Nadda,
Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare
Government of India

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PSM India Capsules
SRINAGAR Conference- PSM India advocates strong Centre-state network for effective infra support for drug departments



It was a great event in Srinagar in the State of J & K from 19-21 May 2015 when for the first time in India the patient-consumer groups participated at the 5th National Conference of Partnership for Safe Medicines (PSM) India Initiative in collaboration with Government of India and University of Kashmir. Dr. G. N. Singh, Drug Controller General India (DCGI), CDSCO, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India, Madam Asiya Naqash, Hon’ble Minister of Health & Social Welfare, Government of J & K and Prof Khurshid Iqbal Andrabi and Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, Kashmir University were the Key dignitaries. Awards were given to the State Drug Controllers of Karnataka, Gujarat, Tamilnadu and Maharashtra, for the first time, for protecting the Health & Safety of Patients.

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Cancer now India's biggest killer, claims 5 lakh yearly

May 2015 : The latest data issued by the National Cancer Registry Program of the India Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has stated that cancer has become the biggest cause of death in India with 1,300 deaths daily, and close to 5 lakh every year. The data was released by ICMR this month has demonstrated that there has been estimated 6% rise in mortality rate due to cancer from 2012 to 2014.

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Tips for Summer Diarrhea treatment

One loose motion is equal to one glass of ORS. Most summer diarrhoea is watery, effortless and painless diarrhoea with no mucous or blood. No antibiotic is needed. The only treatment is oral rehydration solution. One loose motion is equivalent to loss of one glass of fluid. If a patient has passed 10 loose motions, he needs 12 glasses of ORS apart from normal requirement of fluids and one glass for every loose motion passed again.

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National Injections
Jan Aushadhi stores to be relaunched from June, with drugs for lifestyle diseases Mumbai, May 17, 2015: In an initiative to make generic drugs available at affordable prices to the common man, the Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP) is planning to make generic drugs available under the new Jan Aushadhi stores likely to be relaunched in six states on a pilot basis across the country from June onwards. These drugs would range from antibiotics, anti-cardiac, anti-diabetic, anti-infective and gastro-intestinal drugs in six therapeutic segments. Read More
Maharashtra Government to launch drive against spurious drugs, oil & food Mumbai, 20 May 2015: Maharashtra Foods & Drugs Administration (FDA), will soon launch a state-wide drive against the manufacturing and sale of spurious drugs, oil and foods in the state and their inflows from other states..Read More
Karnataka DC identifies 24 NSQ drugs by its enforcement team during surprise inspectionsBengaluru, May 17, 2015: Karnataka Drugs Control Department has identified 24 drugs from April 10 to April 27 that are tested to be of not of standard quality (NSQ). These drugs were picked up at random by the team of enforcement officers during their surprise inspection rounds to pharmacy outlets. Read More
Dentists unaware of amended licensing rules for practice in TS and APMay, 2015: Dentists in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are unaware of new licensing rules being amended by Andhra Pradesh State Dental Council (APSDC). According to new rules amended, every dentist who wishes to practise dentistry has to get registered and should possess license issued by state dental council every year. Earlier, the APSDC used to issue a life time validity license for the dental doctors to practice dentistry. But in the year 2008, the state council has amended its old rules and made it mandatory for the dental practitioners to renew their license every year by paying an amount of Rs. 300. Read More
Drug Laws & Policy Injections
Union government mandates restriction on advertisement of drugs coming under Schedule H, H1 and X categoriesBengaluru, May 2015: Union government has now restricted advertisement of drugs coming under Schedule H, H1 and X drugs. In a notification issued vide GSR 289, April 2015, the government has amended the Rules 74, 74 A, 74 B, 78 and 78 A of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 after inviting objections and suggestions from all stakeholders as required under Section 12 read with Section 33 of Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 vide GSR No 176 (E) dated March 11, 2014. Read More
Health Minister launches “Kayakalp”- an initiative for Award to Public Health Facilities - Swachhta Guidelines for Public Health Facilities also released May, 2015: The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Shri J. P. Nadda launched “Kayakalp”-an initiative for awards to public health facilities, here today. The Health Minister also released the Swachhta Guidelines for Public Health Facilities. Read More
Health ministry to roll out materio-vigilance programme for safety of medical devices soon Mumbai, May 18, 2015: The Union Health Ministry has decided to come out with Materio-vigilance Programme of India (MvPI) in three months’ time to ensure safety of medical devices among the patients. This is being initiated in the backdrop of cases of malfunctioning of medical devices including the one of hip replacement implant of a leading MNC a couple of years ago, Read More
Pharma Injections
Health minister JP Nadda calls for sharing of best practices among Commonwealth nations NEW DELHI: Health minister J P Nadda has called for sharing of best practices among Commonwealth countries to augment the health system capacity.
"The Commonwealth can make a contribution by way of sharing best practices in critical areas essential to augment the health system capacity," Nadda said at the Commonwealth health ministers meet at the 68th World Health Assembly 2015 at Geneva.
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Drug-resistant typhoid tracked worldwide, public health threat 'critical' 15 May 2015- A deadly typhoid ‘superbug’ is spreading across Africa and Asia, creating a “previously under-appreciated and ongoing epidemic,” a ground breaking international study warns. H58, driven by a single family of the bacteria, is resistant to most antibiotics. Read More
Beware of cystic fibrosis! Cystic fibrosis is a life-threatening disorder that causes severe damage to the lungs and digestive system
People with cystic fibrosis tend to have a higher than normal level of salt in their sweat. Parents often can taste the salt when they kiss their children. Most of the other signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis affect the respiratory system or the digestive system.
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Global Injections
WHO declare Liberia 'free of Ebola' 14 May, 2015- Geneva:The World Health Organization have declared "Liberia free of Ebola transmission." The announcement on 9th May marks the 42nd day since the last confirmed case of an infected person Read More
Philippines officials sacked over fake drugs shipment May, 2015: Two customs officers in the Philippines have been fired after releasing a shipment of counterfeit medicines. Read More

Cholera epidemic hits 3,000 Burundi refugees in Tanzania: U.N.22 May, 2015: About 3,000 refugees fleeing political turmoil in Burundi have been infected in a cholera epidemic in neighbouring Tanzania, the United Nations said on Friday, stoking fears of a growing humanitarian crisis in Africa's Great Lakes.Read More

Belgian researchers test screening tool for illicit peptidesA growing number of incidents involving illicit sale of experimental peptide and protein drugs has prompted Belgian researchers to develop a rapid screening test. The team - from Belgium's Scientific Institute of Public Health - looked at the potential of an analytical technique known as liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) for the detection of counterfeit and illegal injectable peptides.Read More

Drug Dopes
Indian military lab develops kit to detect swine flu in hours May, 2015: In a major breakthrough in detecting the deadly swine flu virus that killed around 2,000 people in India in an outbreak this year, a key military research centre has developed a kit that can detect the virus in a matter of hours. Read More
Supreme Court bars Glenmark from selling Merck drug copies Mumbai, 2015 : The Supreme Court of India has barred Glenmark Pharmaceuticals from making and selling copies of U.S. drug maker Merck's diabetes drugs Januvia and Janumet, according to a court document released on Friday. Read More
US sounds alarm on 3 new diabetes drugs NEW DELHI: Three new type-2 diabetes medicines, two of which were recently launched in India, have come under the scanner of the US drug regulator for potential risk of causing acidosis that could require hospitalization. Read More
2 strains of bird flu to get vaccines soon Washington 23 May 2015 : A new study has detailed vaccine development for two new strains of avian influenza that can be transmitted from poultry to humans. Read More
USFDA approved Treximet for migraine 23 May, 2015 : The United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) has approved Treximet (Sumatriptan and Naproxen sodium) for treatment of acute migraine with or without aura in patients who are 12 years of age and over. Read More
USFDA approved Avelox 22 May, 2015 : The United States Food and Drug Administration approved Avelox (Moxifloxacin) to treat septicemic plague and pneumonic plague in adult patients. Avelox is to be manufactured by Whippany. Read More
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PSM PILL

FDA-OCI's Philip Walsky Speaks about the Global Scope of Counterfeit Medicine Crime And FDA's Efforts To Fight It.

Posted Monday May 18, 2015: At the 2014 Interchange, PSM was pleased to have Philip Walsky, the Acting Director of the FDA's Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) speak about OCI's efforts to respond to the challenge of fraudulent drug schemes. Walsky characterized recent pharmaceutical crime as more complicated than in the past, with "more actors in many different parts of the world." He described OCI's coordination with INTERPOL and the Permanent Forum on International Pharmaceutical Crime (PFIPC), but also discussed their expanded international presence in the rest of the world. In June 2014, OCI sent an agent on permanent assignment to Europol and the office is contemplating placing staff in enforcement agencies in Asia and South America. The office has also sent agents on short assignments to Singapore, India and Chile, where they offered education about counterfeit drug crime and drug regulation.

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Frequently Asked Questions Q1. What are Expectorants & Suppressants?
Answer: Expectorants & Suppressants are cough medicines.
Expectorants are used to treat cough with phlegm (productive cough). They help drainage of mucus and phlegm from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea by thinning the mucus, and also by lubricating the irritated respiratory tract.
Cough suppressants relieve your cough by blocking the cough reflex and are used to treat dry coughs. Suppressants acts by reducing the bodies urge to cough.
It is very important to avoid taking a suppressant if there is excessive phlegm in the airways. Usually it is not advisable to combine a cough suppressant and an expectorant. The expectorant will make the phlegm looser, but the suppressant will reduce the body's natural cough response, making it much more difficult to clear the airways. However, it may be useful to take an expectorant during the day and a suppressant at night, to help get an undisturbed sleep.
Next time when you see your doctor for cough and cold, feel free to enquire whether the prescribed medicine is an expectorant or suppressant.

Q2. What are Decongestants? How do they work?
Answer: Decongestants are a type of medicine that can provide short-term relief for a blocked or stuffy nose (nasal congestion) caused by common cold, hay fever, flu (influenza), sinusitis, allergies etc. Decongestants come in pills, liquids, nose drops, and nasal sprays.
The medicine works in an exclusive manner. The skin lining in our nose contains many tiny blood vessels. If something irritates this lining, such as an infection or allergy, more blood flows to these vessels as part of your body's immune response, making them swell. This blocks your nasal airway, making it difficult for you to breathe through your nose (congestion). Decongestants shrink swollen blood vessels and tissues. That relieves the congestion and helps you to breathe normally or easily, however they cannot cure the underlying cause of your blocked nose, such as a cold or allergy.
It is advisable for not using decongestants for more than 3 days because body can become dependent on them. And if such drug dependence occurs on these medicines, then nose or nasal passage may feel even more stuffed up once stopped using them. This is known as the “rebound effect”.

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Blog Addicts
Dr. Anil Vasudeva, Physician tweets: Thanks PSM India for very enlightening and useful news, articles!
Dr. Nitin Sharma, Pharmacist chirps: Good wishes to PSM India for generous efforts in bringing in much awaited revolution in the pharma sector of India.
Ms. Meenu Rohatgi, Academician blogs Patients need to become aware and fight for their rights in every cases of malpractice and default. PSM India has already shown the path and we should strive to follow it!
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Disclaimer : Our newsletter endeavors to compile patient safety information from various sources . PSM India may not be held responsible for any article published in The Prescription.