The Prescription: 17th September 2017 Issue
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Pooja Khaitan

Greetings on the occasion of the birthday of our Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. Here's wishing him immense happiness and good health.

A recent study claims that the people whose blood pressure varies more often may be at greater risk to develop Dementia than those who have usually steady blood pressure. Variations in blood pressure can be as a result of several problems such as physical or mental stress, irregular lifestyle, sleep deprivation or damage to the nervous system which control involuntary bodily functions. Read this issue’s PSM-India capsule to know the outcome of this study in detail.


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PSM India Capsules

People with fluctuating blood pressure are at Greater risk of developing dementia

The people whose blood pressure varies more often may be at greater risk to develop Dementia than those who have usually steady blood pressure, a recent study says. Dementia generally termed as a group of symptoms affecting thinking, social and mental abilities sternly enough to interfere with the usual lifestyle of an individual. Hypertension (constantly high blood pressure) is one of the known risk factors for dementia.
The study was carried on 1,674 older adults whose blood pressure readings were actively monitored. It reveals that compared to individuals having slight to no fluctuation, with people have the most variations in blood pressure were nearly twice as likely to develop dementia during the next five years. In other words; the study demonstrated that a consistent blood pressure variation was significantly associated with the development of all causes of dementia, vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, irrespective of steady blood pressure.

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Drug Laws & Policy Injections
IMA AP unit seeks withdrawal of government proposal to train RMPs, PMPs as community paramedicsMumbai, September, 2017: With an aim to prevent unqualified persons from offering healthcare services to people in the state, the Andhra Pradesh Chapter of Indian Medical Association (IMA) has urged the state government to withdraw a circular proposing to give training to registered medical practitioners (RMPs)/private medical practitioners (PMPs) as community paramedics.Read More
DCGI plans surprise tests in labs to check drug quality New Delhi, Sept 2017: The Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) is preparing a plan to ensure that drug testing laboratories meet the prescribed good laboratories practice (GLP) norms. "Surprise inspections" of all accredited laboratories is in the offing, according to a senior official in the drug controller's office. "All private drugs and cosmetics testing facilities in India will have to undergo auditing, addressing all elements of quality by the government," said the official cited above, requesting anonymity.Read More
IPC provides national guidelines to 25 Pharm D institutes for Intensive ADR monitoring exercise under PvPIMumbai, September, 2017: Twenty five Pharm D institutions which have been identified to carry out Intensive adverse drug reaction (ADR) monitoring exercise under the Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI) have finally been provided guidelines to follow a specific protocol for prospective studies on specific drugs having ADRs. This would enable government to take regulatory decisions in an effective manner to combat ADRs. Read More
GIBS releases clinical practice guidelines for rare disease, IC/BPS for healthcare professionalsMumbai, September 2017: In a first of its kind initiative in the country, the Global Interstitial Cystitis Bladder Pain Society (GIBS), division of Swati Orphan Disease Foundation, has released clinical practice guidelines for rare disease, interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) for the healthcare professionals across the specialties that are committed to treating the misery of patients with bladder pain syndrome. Read More
Draft pharma policy: NPPA raises concerns over plan to dilute its powersNew Delhi, Sept 2017: India's drug pricing regulator has raised concerns over the draft pharmaceutical policy that proposes to dilute and crimp its powers by converting it into a multi-member body. "Don't dilute it in the name of strengthening," the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) tweeted on Wednesday night, after the department of pharmaceuticals suggested appointing a government-nominated "advisory body" on pricing. Read More
Pharma Injections
TB pills most effective prior to, not after, food: ResearchChennai, Sep 2017: In a study that could change the intake schedule of tuberculosis drugs, a group of researchers have found that food reduces the effectiveness of most medicines prescribed as the first line of treatment for the infection. A team from National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (NIRT) examined 25 TB patients in Chennai who consumed food just before they took their medication. They found significantly lower concentrations of anti-TB drugs and a delay in their absorption. They studied the concentrations of three key first-line drugs: rifampicin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide.Read More
Cataract behind 63% blindness cases in India: ExpertsNew Delhi, Sep 2017: Cataract is the single-largest factor for blindness in India, accounting for nearly 63 per cent of the total burden of vision impairment in the country, said an expert here on Friday. Ramanjit Singh Sihota, Professor of Ophthalmology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), said after cataract (62.7 per cent), in descending order of prevalence, the causes of blindness were uncorrected refractive error (19.7 per cent), glaucoma (5.8) per cent, posterior segment disorder (4.7 per cent) and corneal blindness (1 per cent).Read More
Less than 10 percent get transplant in India New Delhi, Sep 2017: The suicide of a 19-year-old city girl has given a new lease of life to two patients suffering from renal disorders. Her kidneys were transplanted to them, making this perhaps the first case in the world where organs have been harvested from a patient in spite of poisoning and cardiac death, Dr Anup Kumar, professor and head, department of urology and renal transplantation at Safdarjung hospital, said. Read More
Tobacco may cause blindness: AIIMS docs New Delhi, Sep 2017: Tobacco not only causes cancer, its prolonged consumption may also lead to blindness, and often such cases are irreversible, doctors at AIIMS said on Friday. They also said studies have shown that those who smoke tobacco, significantly increase their risk of developing cataract compared to nonsmokers. Smoking or chewing tobacco over five to 10 years affects the optic nerve which may lead to visual loss, the doctors said. Read More
Drug Dopes
Updated LIST OF NEW DRUGS APPROVED FROM 01-01-2016 TILL DATE BY NEW DRUGS DIVISION, CDSCO, FDA Bhawan, New Delhi List of New Drug Approved by FDA Read More
DoP raps NPPA for price fixation of erythromycin tabs for being contrary to DPCO provisionsMumbai, September 2017: The Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP) has rapped the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) for fixation of ceiling prices of non-scheduled formulations like “Erythromycin estolate tablets 250mg; erythromycin tablets 500mg and erythromycin estolate syrup 125mg./5ml” which is contrary to the provisions of DPCO, 2013. Read More
CMHO unaware of Drugs from OST centre being sold in market Bhopal, Sept 2017: The costly drugs purchased by the Government at OST (Opioid Substitution Therapy) Centre to distribute free to the patients are sold to the chemists but District Health authorities say he does not know about it. The drugs of OST centre sold at market come under the Narcotics Act and serious action against the guilty should be taken soon. OST centre for in media for the last three months due to one or another reason. When Umesh Kumar Singh (who is now Joint Controller Foods & Drugs Administration) was as Project Director in Madhya Pradesh State AIDS Control Society had terminated services of two employees from OST centre in Sehore on basis of complaints. Read More
Over 3,000 bottles of Phensedyl seized by BSF near Indo-Bangladesh border KOLKATA, 2017: The Border Security Force (BSF) seized 3,045 bottles of banned Phensedyl cough syrup close to the Indo-Bangladesh border in Murshidabad on Wednesday. The cough syrup was meant for smuggling across the international border to Bangladesh where it is used as a narcotic substance. The seized bottles have been handed over to the Jalangi police station. Read More
Recognizing drug quality concerns in India signals paradigm shift New Delhi, 2017: A common feature in the Government of India's (GoI's) response to any allegation of sub-standard medicines supplied by the Indian industry is to deflect attention by insinuating a "foreign-hand", that foreign governments and their industry conspire to defame the Indian industry because they cannot compete with the Indian pharmaceutical industry. Read More
National Injections
H1N1 has killed 1,100 so far this year New Delhi, Sep 2017: With states witnessing an unprecedented spurt in H1N1 cases and nearly 1,100 succumbing to the virus attack so far this year, the country seems to be in the grip of a major outbreak. Maharashtra remains the worst affected with a death toll of 488, followed by Gujarat which has recorded 343 fatalities. Read More
14-month-old brain dead toddler is Gujarat's youngest organ donor New Delhi, Sep 2017: After being declared brain dead, fourteen-month-old Somnath Shah has become the youngest organ donor in Gujarat by donating his heart and kidneys to two persons.Read More
Telangana leads in Jeevandhan with over 375 donors donating 1,500 organs Hyderabad, September, 2017: Launched in the year 2013, the Jeevandhan programme of organ donation has become a great success in Telangana. In just a span of 5 years of its launch, the state of Telangana has stood number one in the country in organ donation with over 375 donors donating 1,500 organs to the Jeevandhan scheme. Read More
Two new contraceptives launched by Health Ministry to aid family planning New Delhi, 6 Sep 2017: In a bid to keep a check on the increasing population in the country, The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched two new contraceptives. The two new contraceptives, an injectable contraceptive MPA under the ‘Antara’ programme and a contraceptive pill, ‘Chhaya’, in the public health system will expand the basket of contraceptive choices to meet the emerging needs of couples. Read More
Dengue cases cross 1000 mark in Delhi, 524 of malaria New Delhi, Sep 2017: The number of dengue-affected people in the capital this season has climbed to 1,185 with over 35 per cent cases of the vector-borne disease recorded last month, according to a municipal report released today. Read More
Global Injections
New system can reconstruct faces using your DNA Washington, Sep 2017: Scientists have reconstructed faces from people's DNA, an advance that challenges the idea that genetic databases can be anonymous. Read More
Drug to curb female infertility from cancer treatments found New York, September 2017: Scientists have identified a drug that may protect women from life-altering infertility that commonly follows cancer treatments. Read More

Genetic testing raises ethical issues of pregnancy: Study

Wellington, Sep 2017: Having a baby may never be the same again as increasingly sophisticated genetic testing is likely to raise thorny ethical issues, a New Zealand study said on Tuesday..Read More

Pregnancy 'immune clock' find can help doctors predict pre-term births Washington, Sep 2017: Good news for moms-to-be, as doctors may now be able to predict premature births after a research recently found that women have an 'immune clock' during pregnancy.Read More


Costa Rican Man Stands Accused Of Running Fake Online Pharmacy

September 2017: Ramiro Navarro Quesada, has been extradited the United States to faces charges that along with co-conspirators in Puerto Rico and the United States, he ran fake online pharmacies that supplied fake and misbranded drugs to American patients, the Department of Justice (DOJ) reports.

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Countless Lives Saved In Alberta; Police Seize 130,000 Fake Fentanyl Pills

September 2017: According to Huffington Post Canada, police in Edmonton, Alberta announced the seizure of 130,000 counterfeit pills containing fentanyl from multiple residences in the area, including one home converted into a fentanyl pill processing lab. The investigation began in March and is believed to be the largest opioid seizure in Canada’s history. Staff Sgt. Karen Ockerman with the Edmonton Police Service’s drug and gang unit said, “We know that this drug bust is very significant and we believe that we have saved a number of lives by taking all this fentanyl off the streets.”

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Frequently Asked Questions Q1. What is Japanese encephalitis?
Japanese encephalitis virus JEV is the most important cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. It is a mosquito-borne flavivirus, and belongs to the same genus as dengue, yellow fever and West Nile viruses.
The first case of Japanese encephalitis viral disease (JE) was documented in 1871 in Japan.
The annual incidence of clinical disease varies both across and within endemic countries, ranging from <1 to >10 per 100 000 population or higher during outbreaks. A literature review estimates nearly 68 000 clinical cases of JE globally each year, with approximately 13 600 to 20 400 deaths. JE primarily affects children. Most adults in endemic countries have natural immunity after childhood infection, but individuals of any age may be affected.Read More>>>


Increasing Heart Ailments

Article contributed by one of our Subscriber: Dr. Disha Longwani, Cardiologist, Mumbai

Heart ailments can be termed as a group of diseases that affects the heart. Some of the heart ailments include Coronary artery disease, High blood pressure, Congestive heart failure, Cardiac arrest, Stroke, etc. Roughly, our country today is now seeing more than 2 million heart attack victims annually. Over the last few years, the average age of patients suffering from heart diseases has declined drastically in India. Some year earlier, cardiac diseases were associated with a certain age-group of over 50-60 years. Read More

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